Cholesterol, Its Causes and Treatment:
Today we are going to address about cholesterol and related diseases, & High Cholesterol Causes & Treatment. When cholesterol level rises in blood we call it Hypercholesterolemia.
Presence of cholesterol in blood is not a disease but having high levels lead to diseases. Cholesterol is a type of fat that is present in our blood. When it is present above specific levels is alarming. Fats other than cholesterol which are very important are triglycerides. Some people confuse both of them together.
What is Cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a acid that is found in your blood. Your body needs cholesterol to build healthy cells, but high cholesterol levels can increase the risk of heart disease.
body needs cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help digest food.Your body needs cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and substances that help digest food. Your body makes all the cholesterol it needs. Cholesterol also is found in foods from animal sources, such as egg yolks, meat, and cheese.
With high cholesterol, you can build up deposits in your blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits increase, making it harder for enough blood to flow into your arteries. In some cases, those deposits may suddenly break open and form a cluster that causes heart disease or stroke.
High cholesterol can be inherited, but it is often the result of unhealthy lifestyle choices, which make them safer and more treatable. A healthy diet, regular exercise and medication can help reduce high cholesterol.
If we talk about cholesterol related issues they are known as hyperlipidemia.
This is not only connected with our diet and life style but also because of genetic causes familial hyperlipidemia occurs. In some cases cholesterol level rises whereas in some cases cholesterol and triglyceride both level rises in blood.
Some people having both cholesterol and triglyceride level high above normal along with that some other metabolic disorders such as obesity are known to have metabolic syndrome.
Cholesterol level rise is the hot issue in present era because of life style changes. Mostly we have machine based work, we travel through vehicles and our bodily workout is minimum. Junk food is the huge part of our diet specifically in youth.
There are bad and good cholesterol. Good is known as HDL whereas which is also good for heart health, bad is known as LDL which is also bad for heart. Its levels more than 150 mg/dl is very dangerous, lower than 100 mg/dl is considered very healthy.
HDL levels more than 40mg/dl is considered healthy in male, more than 50mg/dl is considered healthy in females.
Certain people complain about their cholesterol level not getting controlled despite of all the necessary measurements. There are many diseases either genetic or metabolic can cause cholesterol levels increase.
Factors that can increase the risk of bad cholesterol include:
Malnutrition: Eating enough fats, found in animal products, and trans fats, found in some commercially baked cookies and crackers and microwave popcorn, can raise your cholesterol levels. High-cholesterol foods, such as red meat and whole dairy products, will also increase your cholesterol.
Obesity: Having a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher puts you at risk for high cholesterol.
Not exercising: Exercise helps increase your body’s cholesterol, or “good”, while increasing the size of the particles that make up your LDL, or bad “cholesterol”, making it less harmful.
Smoking: Smoking damages the walls of your blood vessels, making them more prone to fat accumulation. Smoking can also lower your HDL, or “good”, cholesterol levels.
Age: Because your body’s chemistry changes as you grow older, your risk of high cholesterol increases. For example, as you grow older, your liver may be less able to remove LDL cholesterol.
Diabetes: High blood sugar contributes to high levels of harmful cholesterol called low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and low HDL cholesterol. High blood sugar also effects the lining of your arteries.
High cholesterol can cause dangerous accumulation of cholesterol and other deposits in the walls of your blood vessels (atherosclerosis). These deposits can reduce blood flow through your arteries, which can cause problems, such as:
Chest pain. If your arteries (blood vessels) are affected, you may experience chest pain (angina) and other symptoms of cardiovascular disease.
Heart disease. If the plaques rupture or break, a blood clot can form in the area of the roof – it blocks blood flow or relaxes and connects the lower artery. If blood flow to a part of your heart stops, you will have a heart attack.
A stroke. Similar to a heart attack, a stroke occurs when blood clots block the flow of blood to a part of your brain.
There are no significant symptoms related to cholesterol level rise or fall. When we do complete medical checkups that is the point of reveal.
In foreign countries it is suggested that more than 20 years of peoples must have proper cholesterol screening but in our country because of lack of awareness and poverty in masses it’s not happened.
Medical treatment for cholesterol is prescribed by physician but the things that can be carried out at home include healthy diet. It is misconception in our society that merely getting rid of yolk and ghee can save you from getting Hypercholesterolemia, that is not true. Various things contribute in this cause. Most importantly exercise should be opted in our daily routine at least for thirty minutes daily.
That doesn’t mean you start looking for gym. Exercise goal is to achieve bodily workout that leads to sweating and calories burn. That can be easily achieve at home. Fruits and vegetables must taken in large quantities and getting rid of sedentary life style can also help in this cause.
A similar healthy heart rate change that can lower your cholesterol can help you avoid high cholesterol in the first place. To help prevent high cholesterol, you can:
- Eat low-salt foods that emphasize whole fruits, vegetables and grains
- Reduce animal fat and use good fats in moderation
- Lose weight and maintain a healthy weight
- Stop smoking
- Exercise several days a week for at least 30 minutes
- Drink alcohol in moderation, if you can
- Manage stress